Broker-Dealers: CAT Got Your Tongue?


Broker-Dealers are continuing to add to their compliance and regulatory ‘need-to-do’ checklist and in a recent SIFMA submission to the SEC, the list of items under the category Consolidated Audit Trail aka CAT compliance is only growing longer.  One senior compliance officer representing a regional broker-dealer went so far as to suggest that when questioning a staff member as to the status of a recent technology upgrade to the audit trail system, he received a blank look in response and found himself asking, “What’s wrong? Cat got your tongue?”  The staffer replied, “Not my tongue, my b-a-#-@-s!”

Below, courtesy of Traders Magazine’s Patrick Flannery, please find find a consolidated view of what broker-dealers are now contending with in terms of implementation challenges.

For broker-dealers, the Consolidated Audit Trail (CAT) may seem to be another weighty technical challenge, whose cost and implementation challenges will fall disproportionately on their shoulders (and their budgets). In fact, last week, SIFMA submitted a letter to the SEC detailing exactly how burdensome CAT will be.

The current plan, according to SIFMA, “would impose the vast majority of CAT-related costs on broker-dealers.” In its letter to the SEC, the US lobbyist asked the agency to demand that the parties developing CAT, namely, the exchanges and FINRA, explain how they justify requiring “broker-dealers to bear any of the financial burden of funding a system that exists to receive and process information that broker-dealers are required to report under SEC regulations.”

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What’s more, while the data submitted to CAT will give regulators better oversight, which is expected to help promote market fairness, several securities industry insiders have begun to question what type of access broker dealers will have to this data.  As we understand, it’s unclear at this point whether broker-dealers will to be able to directly query the very data that they must bear the burden (and cost) of collecting and reporting.

Despite these challenges, things may not be as bad as they seem. For those who learn to understand the value of the data they’re collecting, and how it can be mined for market insight, there’s potential for significant upshot.

The Heavy Lifting

CAT will be a much more detailed and sophisticated form of audit trail than FINRA’s OATS system, to which firms currently report data for regulatory oversight purposes, and as a result, reporting requirements will be significantly more complex. The data that CAT will consolidate is voluminous, and for many firms, who have this data stored in disparate systems, gathering, organizing and time stamping CAT data for reporting purposes will be a substantial if not a near-colossal undertaking.

Some aspects of CAT reporting are so challenging it’s hard to see the bright side. For example, every broker-dealer, exchange and all other self-regulatory organizations (SROs) reporting to CAT will have to establish and maintain a system of unique IDs for customers, accounts, counterparties and orders. The ultimate goal:  the entire life cycle of any equity or options order can be preserved for future review. A trade, originated through a retail broker, e.g., that is routed through a broker-dealer and executed on an exchange, should be able to be stitched together and reconstructed from CAT data so that the full picture is viewable from multiple perspectives.

When an original order is received, firms will have to capture and report an ID number of the customer originating the order, a CAT order ID, an identifier of the firm receiving the order, terms of the order and a time stamp measured to CAT time-stamping requirements (currently 50 milliseconds).

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Here Comes MiFID Part 2-What BrokerDealers Need to Know

mifid II

MiFID II is in the batter’s box, and provides a good primer for investment banks and broker-dealers courtesy of Traders Magazine contributor Simon Richards of Fonetic USA. note: Its time to deploy a new regime of voice-recording record keeping…

The investment banking beast is changing its spots. Driven by the regulators and the threat of billion dollar fines, these traditionally ponderous organizations are awake to what they need to do in order to comply with the Dodd-Frank Act and MiFID. But it is quite clear that the establishment of new regulations is not going to be a one-off occurrence. provides the most comprehensive list of global brokerdealers with a database of broker-dealers in 35 countries across the world.

The recent changes to the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive — MiFID II — demonstrate that the regulations are going to change often and rapidly. Adapting to amendments to regulations is the new status quo.

The MiFID II changes are wide-ranging and will affect functions across the board from trade strategy, trade initiation, trade execution, settlement and clearing to ongoing management. Your firm’s IT and HR systems are also likely to be affected. 

One significant change is that the scope of the Transaction Reporting Obligation is being extended. Investment firms will have to keep a complete record of all services, activities and transactions in a format that can be accessed by regulators. Let’s take a look.

Phone and Ecomms: Firms must record all phone and electronic communications relating to concluded and potential transactions. The records must be stored for a minimum of five years and where requested by an authority up to seven years. Under Dodd-Frank, phone recordings are required to be kept for 12 months.

Storage: All electronic records must be stored in a medium that cannot be changed or deleted and must be available to clients on demand.

Trading: All trades, including algorithmic trading records, must be stored on an approved form with accurate, time-sequenced record of orders that were placed executed or cancelled. Firms must keep all relevant data relating to orders and transactions, whether for their own account or on behalf of clients.

The MiFID II amendments illustrate that the regulations are subject to rapid change. This means the industry needs to become more strategic. In short, tactical solutions are no longer going to cut the mustard.

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Simon Richards is CEO of Fonetic USA.